Most people are completely unaware of just how unsafe the tap water in their home is. And truth be told, most of us don’t even think about it until we hear alarming stories such as the ones that came out of Flint, Michigan a few short years ago. Elected officials, the people we vote in to make the right decisions for our communities, decided they would approve a system they knew could hurt people.
Stories like these are why more and more people are embracing reverse osmosis as a smart and affordable way to provide their families with safe drinking water.
What Exactly Is Reverse Osmosis Water?
While most of us have heard of reverse osmosis water, very few of us actually know what it is and how it works. According to Wikipedia, Reverse osmosis (RO) is a water purification technology that uses a semipermeable membrane to remove ions, molecules, and larger particles from drinking water.
In reverse osmosis, an applied pressure is used to overcome osmotic pressure, a colligative property, that is driven by chemical potential differences of the solvent, a thermodynamic parameter. Reverse osmosis can remove many types of dissolved and suspended species from water, including bacteria, and is used in both industrial processes and the production of potable water. The result is that the solute is retained on the pressurized side of the membrane and the pure solvent is allowed to pass to the other side.
That is the extended, more complicated definition. The simplified version is this, a reverse osmosis system uses several different stages to remove up to 99% of harmful contaminants from tap water and well water. The end result is safe, great tasting water for you and your family to enjoy.
What’s In Your Water?
Before you invest in a reverse osmosis system you must first find out what’s in your local water. Knowing what’s in your water will help you better determine the type of system and filters you need to use.
The EPA requires all community water suppliers to provide a Consumer Confidence Report, also referred to as a water quality report, to all customers once a year.
If you live in an apartment you will need to contact the building manager or local water company to obtain a copy. If your water company provides water to 100,000 people or more the company is required to post the reports online.
Please note the water quality report will only tell you about the water in your municipality and not what’s coming out of your tap at home.
Contact your state or local health department to see if they offer free kits for you to test the water in your home.
Where Can I Buy Reverse Osmosis Water?
When it comes to getting access to reverse osmosis water you have two options. You can either buy reverse osmosis water from your local grocery store, or you can invest in a reverse osmosis system which will give you access to clean water whenever you want it. The second option is the best option because it will ultimately save you money in the long run.
Now before you rush out and buy the first reverse osmosis system you see on the shelf, let me recommend you do all of your searching online. In particular I would recommend using Amazon. Not only do they have the best prices, but they also have the best selection which will make it a lot easier to find a system that fits your needs.
A Few Things You Need To Consider Before Purchasing A Reverse Osmosis System
Now that you are serious about investing in a reverse osmosis system there are a few things you will need to consider.
#1 – Will You Need To Purchase A Faucet?
Most reverse osmosis systems will require a separate faucet to dispense the treated water from. This of course will be an extra expense you will need to consider. The good news is the faucet that comes with your reverse osmosis system can be customized to match the color, finish and style of the fixtures you currently have in your kitchen.
#2 – Air Gap or Non Air Gap?
When it comes to the type of faucet you use you have two options. You can either go with an air gap faucet or a non air gap faucet. Non air gap faucets are the most common type of faucets used with reverse osmosis systems.
Unlike air gap faucets, non air gap faucets don’t have an “air gap” in the line to prevent drain water from going into the system. Instead it uses a check valve that stops water backflow from getting into the drain. Non air gap faucets are also easier to install and they make less noise.
#3 – How Many Stages of Filtration Should Your Reverse Osmosis System Have?
Generally speaking reverse osmosis systems have either 3, 4 or 5 stages of filtration. The number of stages you will need will depend on several factors including the type of water you are filtering as well as the area you live in and whether or not there are high levels of sediment. For most applications four or five stages will provide enough filtration to produce safe, clean water.
#4 – How Much Water Can a Reverse Osmosis System Produce?
The average reverse osmosis system has a production rate of anywhere between 50% and 75%. That means it can produce up to 50 gallons of water per day. And while very few of us will actually use 50 gallons of water per day, the 50 GPD (gallons per day) rating basically means the system is able to produce a gallon of water per hour if you have a water pressure of 60 psi.
A system with a 50 GPD rating will be sufficient for the average household and won’t cost much more than systems with a lower GPD.
#5 – What Size System Do You Need?
Reverse osmosis systems come in a variety of different shapes and sizes. For residential use a system with a 50 GPD rating is recommended. You can expect the membrane of a system of this size to last around 24 months.
What Are The Most Popular Reverse Osmosis Systems
Once you have consider the various aspects of investing in a reverse osmosis system its time to find the one that will work best for you. Here are just a few of the most popular reverse osmosis systems on the market.
Home Master TMHP HydroPerfection
Most traditional reverse osmosis systems have an issue with the replacement of filter canisters. The systems are build to only allow the filters to be changed. The problem is canisters also collect residue and if they too aren’t changed, they will eventually prevent the filters from doing their job.
With the Home Master TMHP HydroPerfection you don’t have to worry about this problem. With this system you will always get the safest and cleanest drinking water possible thanks to its 9 stages of filtration, purification and sterilization. During the filtration process sediment and catalytic carbon is used to ensure nothing, be it big or small, gets through the system.
With this system users will get the opportunity to experience the power of UV light. The water will enter a sterilization chamber that uses UV light. The UV light is very intense and will eliminate viruses and microorganisms in the water that could lead to illness.
While most reverse osmosis systems have a membrane that can produce up to 50 gallons of water per day, the iSpring RCC7 takes things to a whole new level with its larger membrane and ability to produce up to 75 gallons of water per day.
Assembly of this machine is easy and they have created a YouTube video to help walk you through the steps. If you are worried about the quality of this machine don’t. The manufacturer offers a 30 day money back guarantee so you can be sure you are getting a system that is worth the investment. You will also get a 1 year satisfaction guarantee and lifetime support.
APEC Top Tier RO-90
With the APEC Top Tier RO-90 not only will you get clean water, but you will also get water that is high in quality. It features a 5- stage ultra-pure system that is the highest grade on the market. It also features NSF certified filters that ensure every drop of water is safe for you and your family to consume.
And while it may not have as many filtration stages as some of the other systems on the market, it has proven to be just as effective due to its ability to remove up to 99% of contaminants. Some of the contaminants it can remove includes arsenic, bacteria and heavy metals just to name a few.
The faucets on this system are 100% lead free and are FDA and NSF certified. This ensures they are of the best quality and are completely safe to use.
The filters on this machine are considered super capacity and are able to continue working for twice as long as other filters on the market.
Home Master TMAFC Artesian
Traditional reverse osmosis filters can be a pain in the you know what. The water flow is slow and the efficiency level is quite low. With the Home Master TMAFC Artesian none of that is an issue. The way the system is designed it eliminates most of the problems you find with traditional systems. And thanks to its 7 stage filtration system you get the best possible results every time.
The Home Master TMAFC Artesian also comes with a mechanism that allows you to add minerals to the water. This helps with taste and gives the water more value.
This system uses a patented full contact technology that allows you to add calcium and magnesium to the purification process. Given the fact this machine already has a 98% purification rate, adding calcium and magnesium to the process gives it the ability to remove an ever wider range chemicals including chloramine. It can also remove contaminants such as metals and bacteria.
Another great feature is the long lasting filters that are super easy to change. There are no special skills or tools required to replace them. They can produce up to 2000 gallons of water before they need to be changed. If you do not use that much water you should replace the filters at least once a year.
With the Home Master TMAFC Artesian not only will you get better quality water, but you will get it twice as fast due to its fast water flow.
APEC Top Tier ROES-50
The APEC Top Tier ROES-50 has a lot of great features that work together to ensure safe, great tasting water. This machine uses technology that enables it to remove up to 99% of contaminants. Some of the contaminants it can remove includes arsenic, chlorine, metals, viruses, bacteria and over a thousand other contaminants.
Thanks to its WQA certification the ROES-50 is noise free and trouble free. The filters last a long time and are able to treat both tap water and well water. The water produced by this machine is refreshing and has a taste that is far superior than water from a bottle.
If you invest in this machine you will get lifetime support and a one year satisfaction guarantee. The fittings are quick and easy to assemble and don’t require any extra lock clips or leak sealing. That means you can start enjoying the benefits of this machine as soon as you take it out the box. The faucet on this machine is FDA and NSF certified and is 100% lead free chrome.